Enterprise Value (EV) Definition & Example : What to know about it?

Enterprise Value is known as an indicator which is used to understand market attributes that value to the firm as complete. It is also crucial to understand the entire market instead of looking at the equity value. However, Enterprise value is a vital part, but it’s also a simple and hassle-free accounting equation.  It can help in analyzing the liability and shareholder ‘s application funds as well as equity.

Enterprise Value and its Formula:


EV or Enterprise value is basically used for measuring a company’s total value. Well, the company’s value can be obtained by the assets that they own. Not just the complete process can be hard and time-consuming, but also it will be tedious too. With the help of EV, this process can be much easier. It includes the complete market, not just equity value, which means claims like asset and interest of the owners from the debt and equity are also added. Apart from that, EV can be considered as an easy way to get the theoretical price of the company that is targeted for buying or taking over.

Well for calculating EV is simple, also following its formula can help in finding the solution much simpler.

EV = Market Capitalization + Market Value of Debt – Cash and Equivalents

However, the upper one is a simple one, here is the extended one too:

EV = Common Shares + Preferred Shares + Market Value of Debt + Minority Interest – Cash and Equivalents

Examples of EV:

For summing the equity market value and debt of the company, it’s important to know the formula first. For calculating the market capitalization of any company, the share price will get multiplied by the shares outstanding’s number. Next, the net diet, which is the value in the market of debt, will get minus cash. Also, the company who is going to acquire another one is going to keep the cash of the firm targeted. Due to which the deduction of the cash from the price of the firm is needed. It is represented by the market cap too.

Enterprise value as Enterprise multiple:

The use of EV is mostly for multiples, which include EV/EBIT, EV/Sales, EV/EBITDA and EV/FCF to get the analysis which can be comparable. Unlike EV, there are other formulas where the debt and cash are not into the account. It means that if there are two similar companies that have a similar market cap can also have different enterprise values.

Enterprise Value is also used as the financial ratio basics that can help out in finding the overall performance of the company. In enterprise multiple, there are different things includes related to the company’s value that can consider in market value. It includes earnings that are before interest, taxes, amortization and depreciation. This is also known as EBITDA, which is a measure of the complete financial performance.

Well this can usually be in several situations which includes Comparing the firms with DFL which is known as Degrees of financial leverage, the ratio is going to be simpler and more useful, compared to the P/E ratio of the company.

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